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    How To Trade Cryptocurrency: 2023 Step-By-Step Guide For Beginners

    Updated: Feb 1st, 2023
    Kevin Groves
    Kevin Groves
    How To Trade Cryptocurrency: 2023 Step-By-Step Guide For Beginners

    Over the past few years, cryptocurrency has grown in prevalence massively. As a result, many people have been wondering how to trade cryptocurrency and make profits. Throughout this guide, we'll detail the ins and outs of trading cryptocurrencies. We will explain what is crypto trading, how it works, the benefits and risks of trading, and trading strategies to use with a full tutorial on the process.

    How to Trade Crypto - Quick Guide

    1. Decide on a trading Strategy. Pick and back-test a trading strategy that is suited to either short-term or long-term trading either using fundamental or technical analysis.
    2. Compare and select a trading platform. Select a trading platform that suits your trading style. Consider the ease of use, fees, charting features, and security while completing this process. Good platforms to consider are Binance and ByBit.
    3. Create an account and deposit funds. Register an account with the exchange and complete ID verification to access the full features. Fund the account with fiat currency or crypto.
    4. Identify a crypto trade opportunity. Search the charts to find a trading pair with a worthwhile setup with a good risk-to-reward (RR) ratio between the trade entry and exit point.
    5. Enter the trade details to open an order. Choose the type of trade (e.g. limit or market), enter the number of funds, and confirm the order. Monitor the active position and adjust the stop-loss level once the trade moves into profit.
    6. Withdraw profits. After the position is closed, withdraw excess profits to a hardware wallet for safekeeping.

    Where To Trade Cryptocurrency

    Anyone wishing to start trading crypto must use a cryptocurrency exchange. It's important to consider fees, features, and security. Below is a short summary of HedgewithCrypto's best crypto trading platforms to consider.

    ExchangeCrypto AssetsTrading FeesRatingPromotionWebsiteReview
    Binance

    Binance

    600+0% to 0.1%
    RatingOur ratings take into account the ease of use, fees, deposit methods along with the exchange's reputation. All ratings are determined solely by our editorial team.
    4.8/5
    StarStarStarStarEmpty Star
    Up to $100 welcome bonusVisit BinanceBinance Review
    Bybit Logo

    Bybit

    810.06% / 0.01% (leverage), 0.1% (spot)
    RatingOur ratings take into account the ease of use, fees, deposit methods along with the exchange's reputation. All ratings are determined solely by our editorial team.
    4.8/5
    StarStarStarStarEmpty Star
    Deposit bonus up to $30,000Visit BybitBybit Review
    Kraken

    Kraken

    1950.16% / 0.26%
    RatingOur ratings take into account the ease of use, fees, deposit methods along with the exchange's reputation. All ratings are determined solely by our editorial team.
    4.7/5
    StarStarStarStarEmpty Star
    None available at this timeVisit KrakenKraken Review
    eToro

    eToro

    70+1%
    RatingOur ratings take into account the ease of use, fees, deposit methods along with the exchange's reputation. All ratings are determined solely by our editorial team.
    4.6/5
    StarStarStarStarEmpty Star
    None available at this timeVisit eToro

    eToro USA LLC; Investments are subject to market risk, including the possible loss of principal. Archived, "Virtual currencies are highly volatile. Your capital is at risk."

    eToro Review

    This post contains affiliate links with our partners who may compensate us. Read our disclaimer for further information.

    1. Binance - The World's Largest Exchange

    Binance is the world's largest exchange by trading volume which was founded in 2017. It has become extremely popular with fundamental and technical analysis due to its low fees, range of assets, and expansive list of features.

    Binance Key Points:

    • 0% to 0.1% trading Fee (no fees on spot BTC pairs)
    • Up to 125x Leverage on its futures platform
    • Over 600 supported assets and 1,100 trading pairs
    • Advanced charting and trading platform with Tradingview
    • Propriety BNB Token to obtain trading discounts and benefits

    Read our full Binance review or sign-up with a Binance referral code to earn up to $100 USDT.

    Binance HomepageBinance HomepageBinance trading platform for crypto.

    2. ByBit - Rapidly Growing Trading Platform

    ByBit has been serving customers since 2018 and has grown to become a top ten crypto exchange and number two derivatives and margin trading platform for crypto. Quickly becoming one of the most feature-rich exchanges, ByBit has something for everyone and is worth checking out if Binance lacks any desired features.

    ByBit Key Points:

    • Modern and innovative mobile app
    • Geared toward leverage and day traders
    • Copy trading feature to follow successful traders
    • Crypto Earn feature to stake crypto
    • Spot trading fee from 0.1%

    Read our full ByBit review or sign-up using a ByBit referral code to earn up to $5,000 USDT.

    byBit HomepagebyBit HomepageByBit advanced trading platform.

    3. Kraken - Suitable Crypto Platform For US

    Kraken opened its doors in 2011 and is almost as old as Bitcoin itself. The exchange has positioned itself as one of the dominant exchanges in the United States and has grown internationally. Kraken is well-known for its stable and secure platform with industry-leading security measures.

    Kraken Key Points:

    • Licensed and regulated in most states in the US
    • 0.16% (maker) and 0.26% (taker) trading fee
    • Leverage up to 5x on its margin platform
    • Kraken Pro for serious crypto traders
    • Stable and secure trading environment

    Read our full Kraken review.

    4. eToro - Trading Platform With Multiple Asset Classes

    eToro is slightly different from the other crypto exchanges we've mentioned above. It primarily operates as a CFD broker but also supports spot trades. eToro, launched in 2007, provides access to every financial market, not just cryptocurrency. As such, eToro can be a good platform for people looking to trade a diverse range of instruments.

    eToro Key Points:

    • Cryptocurrency, Stocks, Commodities, and More
    • Highly regulated and safe crypto trading platform
    • Beginner-friendly and easy to use
    • One of the best crypto platforms to copy-trade
    • Flat 1% trading fee on crypto

    What is Trading Cryptocurrency?

    The act of cryptocurrency trading requires a person to buy and sell digital currencies. Cryptocurrency traders typically aim to profit by selling an asset for more than they paid. However, it's also possible to earn money from a digital asset decreasing in value by taking a short position, essentially betting that a cryptocurrency will drop in value.

    Traders can purchase an asset directly (spot trading) or acquire trading pairs.

    • Spot Trading - Straightforward and similar to buying a stock, the user purchases an asset, typically denominated in fiat currency, hoping it increases in value.
    • Trading Pairs - More akin to currency trading, the user buys a pair (e.g. BTC/ETH), with its growth determined by how the first asset performs against the second. Using the above example, if BTC increased in value more than ETH, the pair would increase in value. Conversely, if ETH outpaced BTC, the pair would decrease in value.

    Sometimes, a trader will utilize leverage to increase their profits and losses. While cryptocurrency exchanges offer a maximum of 25:1 leverage, this figure can go as high as 125:1 on certain platforms. While there are a few differences between margin, leverage, and futures trading, all increase position size by effectively loaning funds to the user.

    How Does Crypto Trading Work?

    In simple terms, trading crypto involves buying or selling a cryptocurrency to make a profit from a change in price. To boost the chances of trade going in a person's favor, it's common to utilize analysis techniques to determine whether an asset is under or overpriced. Trading typically involves buying the underlying asset from an exchange or speculating on movements in price by using a contract for difference (CFD) or some other form of contract. While the former is generally preferred for longer-term positions, the latter often provides access to greater leverage.

    There are types of trade enabling users to make money regardless of which direction the market moves. For example, a long position gains value as a cryptocurrency increases in price. There is also the option to short crypto which means the position gains value as a cryptocurrency decreases in price.

    Why Trade Cryptocurrency?

    There are a considerable number of reasons why people trade cryptocurrency. Below, we've summarized five of the most common reasons why people choose to trade cryptocurrencies.

    1. Volatility

    While some people are dissuaded by the volatility in cryptocurrency markets, for others, it's the primary reason for trading the asset class. While volatility also comes with risk, it also means more profit opportunities. In the stock market, an asset moving just a couple of percentage points is considered substantial. However, such moves are expected in cryptocurrency, with many assets rising or falling by double-digit percentages daily which can be followed by watching a crypto volatility index.

    Although volatility does indeed increase risk, the extra room for growth is worthwhile for some. However, when trading digital assets, it's essential to understand that things can quickly turn south, so it's important to follow precautions when trading cryptocurrency.

    2. Market Never Closes

    A common gripe many traders have with traditional financial markets is that they're only accessible at certain times. However, cryptocurrency trading is far more accessible. Users can log into an exchange or crypto brokerage to place a trade whenever they like. As a result of the cryptocurrency market never closing, it has become a favorite of people that frequently travel or have unusual strategies that prohibit them from trading during the usual market hours.

    3. Innovative Technology

    Cryptocurrency is a rapidly emerging technology, slowly worming its way into many established industries. As a result, the asset class has become popular with investors focused on innovative technologies. While less important for those that rely on technical analysis, the technological aspect of cryptocurrency has captured the attention of investors that employ fundamental analysis. This technique involves analyzing a project's utility, team, finances, and other core aspects as if it were a business.

    4. Plenty of Trading Opportunities

    There is a vast range of different ways to trade cryptocurrencies. Platforms like eToro have created crypto-based Contracts for Difference (CFDs) that enable users to speculate on whether a cryptocurrency will increase or decrease in value without owning the underlying asset.

    Additionally, users wishing to invest for the long term without leverage can spot trade. Those wanting to increase their profits and losses can do so via futures contracts or margin trading. Regardless of a person's preferences, there will be a way to trade cryptocurrencies that meets their requirements.

    Crypto Trading Strategies

    One of the most exciting aspects of cryptocurrency trading is the vast array of strategies that can be utilized. Typically, a trader will focus on a specific plan. However, some traders combine multiple trading methods to match their criteria.

    Fundamental-Based Investing

    One of the most popular strategies for trading cryptocurrencies is fundamental analysis. While some investors rely on fundamental analysis, it's more commonly used in conjunction with another strategy to improve a trader's success rate.

    Intrinsic value can be defined as a project's actual value minus the hype. Fundermal analysis involves analyzing a project's intrinsic value to determine a fair market price for the asset. In theory, this figure should be a strong support zone as it represents the price a crypto is worth solely based on its utility.

    Fundamental analysis can encompass almost every aspect of a business. However, we've shared a few of the most common ways cryptocurrency investors determine intrinsic value.

    • The team. At the core of every project is the team. If a cryptocurrency is helmed by a group with a track record of delivering on its objectives, it's far more likely to succeed. Conversely, if a lackluster team runs a project, it'll likely never amount to much.
    • Utility. The core value proposition for any asset is utility. If a project solves an issue or fills a gap in the market, there should always be demand for its token. Without utility, a project will continuously drop in value once its hype fizzles out.
    • Roadmap. A great way to determine a project's long-term goals is to check out its roadmap. If a team has put effort into making a realistic development schedule, it's apparent they're thinking about the long term. However, when a team provides no dates, it's typically a sign of poor planning.
    • Generating revenue. Ultimately, all crypto assets must generate revenue to continue operating. The upkeep of a cryptocurrency can be extremely costly, so if a project cannot bring in funds, it'll die out once the seed money runs out.
    • Realistic Goals - It's easy for a team to write a compelling roadmap stating that they will be the next Bitcoin, but without explaining how it'll get there, lofty promises mean nothing. Generally speaking, if a project has attainable goals, it's more likely to succeed than those with nothing to offer except big plans.

    Unfortunately, as many cryptocurrency traders realize too late, not every project is upfront about its goals and plans for achieving them. As fundamental analysis involves analyzing a project's inherent value, the performance of this strategy is tied to a team's honesty.

    As such, while a project could look good on paper, the team might have no way to meet its objectives. Sadly, there's no surefire way to determine whether a project is honest. Therefore, it's advisable to thoroughly investigate a project and its plans before utilizing fundamental analysis.

    Technical Analysis

    Technical analysis is another popular cryptocurrency trading strategy. Technical traders typically look at chart structure to determine whether an asset will increase or decrease in value over a specific timeframe. Technical analysis can be employed for long- and short-term positions, making it a versatile tool in any savvy trader's arsenal.

    Typically utilized by experienced traders, technical analysis can be challenging to pull off successfully as an uncountable number of factors can influence price, and a good deal of trial and error is required to develop a working strategy.

    Most people actively trading cryptos will spend a good deal of time creating and backtesting a strategy. As such, while most people utilize different trading systems, some factors are implemented into almost every technique.

    • Current market price. Determining an asset's current price and whether it's under or overvalued is a core part of technical analysis. To achieve this, traders will typically analyze chart patterns and use a variety of indicators.
    • Market capitalization. The overall market capitalization of an asset can be invaluable when determining how far a cryptocurrency could rise or fall. Assets with a large market cap require more pressure, while traders can move lower-cap projects relatively easily. Crypto screeners can be used to quickly find a coin's capitalization and other stats.
    • Price chart patterns. Finding patterns in a price chart is an essential aspect of technical analysis. There are many patterns out there, with a few common examples being the rising wedge, hammer, hanging man, and pin-bar. Each pattern indicates either bullish, bearish, or natural bias.
    crypto chart patternscrypto chart patternsExample of continuation and reversal chart patterns. Source: Soheil PKO.
    • Technical indicators. Another way to determine bias is by using technical indicators that on-chart data and convert it to actionable information. Some of the best examples of crypto indicators include the Relative Strength Index (RSI), Exponential Moving Averages (EMA), and Bollinger Bands (B-Bands).
    • Underlying market conditions. While technical analysis has merits, the underlying market conditions have the final say in the performance of an asset. Therefore, trading with the market rather than against it is generally advised. Moreover, gauging the overall market sentiment with the crypto fear and greed index and Bitcoin Rainbow chart can be useful indicators to determine trend reversals at the extremities.

    As technical analysis involves using charts and indicators, those wishing to utilize the strategy must ensure they're using a reputable crypto charting site. While there is a good variety of platforms out there, it's essential to consider the range of charitable assets, customization, indicators, and extra tools offered by the platform.

    Swing Trading

    While technical and fundamental analysis is used in almost every trading strategy, how an asset is traded is also essential. Swing trading is a technique that involves holding an open position for more than a day in an attempt to take advantage of a change in sentiment. Generally, swing trading primarily utilizes technical analysis, but some people also integrate fundamental analysis into their techniques.

    Traders can open both long and short positions when swing trading. While a reasonably common technique, swing trading is more susceptible to the broader economy than shorter-term methods and can incur high fees when holding leveraged positions for more extended periods.

    Dollar Cost Averaging

    Dollar-cost averaging (DCA) is a trading investment strategy that involves slowly building a position over a period to eliminate the need for timing the market. This method of trading crypto is ideal for beginners that are not familiar with more advanced trading strategies and prefer to buy and hold for the long term.

    Day Trading

    A favorite strategy of professional traders, day trading, is a short-term strategy that requires a person to buy and sell a cryptocurrency within a single day. As day trading involves taking advantage of small movements in price, people using this technique tend to utilize leverage or margin to boost profits. However, as leverage can increase risk, it's only recommended for advanced traders. Here's a list of the best platforms for crypto day trading.

    Scalping

    Scalping is a high-frequency strategy where traders try to profit from quickly entering and exiting a position. Generally, a single scalp trade doesn't yield huge profits, but knowledgeable individuals can see substantial gains over a day due to the increased frequency. As scalping requires a lot of positions to be entered and exited over a short period, some traders choose to find a crypto trading bot to automate the process.

    Momentum Trading

    Momentum trading requires a user to act in line with market trends. For example, if an asset seems to be rising or falling, a trader might open a position, aiming to sell at the movement's peak. Because momentum trading involves entering during a move instead of spotting a trend before it happens, it is sometimes considered a good technique for risk-averse traders.

    Arbitrage Trading

    Another high-frequency technique, arbitrage trading, requires a person to spot a price disparity between two or more crypto exchanges. After finding an opportunity, the trader purchases tokens from one exchange before selling them to the other. Arbitrage trading is considered a lower-risk strategy if the cryptocurrency purchased has sufficient liquidity.

    For example, if an asset sells for $100 on exchange-a and $110 on exchange-b, a trader buys the asset from exchange-a before selling it to exchange-b, pocking the difference in price.

    Copy Trading

    Copy trading is an automated strategy in which a user copies another trader's positions. Typically, this is achieved by using a dedicated copy trading platform like eToro. A person will generally be able to see the statistics of all traders on a platform to help them determine who they want to mirror.

    Copy trading on eToroCopy trading on eToro

    Tips for Trading Cryptocurrency

    While things can be difficult for users looking to begin trading, we've compiled a few tips that can help people succeed from the get-go.

    1. Practice first. While it can be tempting to jump straight into the deep end, practicing and developing a working strategy by using a demo trading account before switching to real funds is advisable. Trading involves a great deal of trial and error, so utilizing a crypto demo account can save substantial amounts of money.
    2. Stick to a strategy. One of the most common mistakes that inexperienced traders make is not adhering to a strategy. It's easy to get influenced by the market, but following a predetermined plan is crucial for risk management.
    3. Use a good trading platform. Not every cryptocurrency exchange is built equally. Most cryptocurrency exchanges offer different fees and features. Therefore traders should consider which aspects are most important before selecting a platform.
    4. Take things slowly. Increasing position size and risking more significant sums can be tempting if a couple of trades go well. However, trading crypto is a long-term game. It's essential to test a strategy in various market conditions to ensure its viability. If a trader risks too much too quickly, they risk blowing their entire exchange account and being forced to start again from zero.
    5. Risk management. Although the allure of profits can lead people to start trading cryptocurrencies while unprepared, familiarizing themselves with risk management methods is a must for a trader. Using guaranteed stop loss and take profit limit orders can bracket open positions to reduce losses while not actively trading.

    What are the Risks of Trading Cryptocurrency

    Although it offers immense opportunity, trading crypto is quite a risky endeavor. The asset class experiences far more volatility than established financial markets, meaning things can quickly turn south, leading to significant losses. Moreover, the cryptocurrency market is largely unregulated. While cryptocurrency is currently available in most of the world, any new laws could change that. Although more of a chance when utilizing long-term strategies, it's something to consider before getting involved in the market.

    Lastly, manipulation is a considerable risk. If an asset has a low trading volume, whales can easily influence its price. Thankfully, this risk is primarily present in less-known cryptos, meaning price manipulation can be avoided by trading larger-cap assets like Bitcoin, Ethereum, and Cardano.

    How to Trade Cryptocurrency: Full Tutorial

    Now that we've covered the basics of trading crypto, we will provide a detailed step-by-step guide covering how to spot trade crypto.

    Step 1 - Decide on a trading strategy

    Before even considering opening a position, a trader must consider which strategy they plan on using. Adhering to a specific technique reduces risk and makes managing trades simpler. First, determine the period (long or short term) and then consider whether to use technical/fundamental analysis or a mix of both.

    Step 2 - Compare and select a trading platform

    After working out which technique to use, it's time to pick a platform. During this process, it's a good idea to check the fees and features offered by various exchanges before selecting the one that best matches the chosen strategy.

    Example of crypto trading platformsExample of crypto trading platforms

    Step 3 - Create an exchange account and deposit funds

    Next, create and verify a trading account. Typically, a user must provide an email and password to create an account and a photo ID (passport, driving license) to verify the trading account.

    Create an account with an exchangeCreate an account with an exchange

    Before it's possible to enter a trade, the user must deposit using either crypto or fiat. First, click Wallet, then Deposit, select a payment method and complete the transaction. Binance supports most cryptocurrencies in addition to bank transfers and credit/debit cards.

    Deposit funds to the crypto platformDeposit funds to the crypto platform

    Step 4 - Find a trading setup and determine entry and exit levels

    After funding a trading account, it's time to find a worthwhile opportunity. Any of the strategies we've discussed can be used to find opportunities. Afterward, determine the optimal entry and exit points and stick to them. It's advisable to decide on multiple exit points to a target to de-risk progressively. A trade setup with a 1:2 risk/reward ratio between the stop-loss and take-profit level is considered a good trade potential, particularly in favor of the underlining trend.

    Step 5 - Enter a position and manage the trade

    After working out where to enter a trade, fill in the details and enter the position. Trader's can use a market order to open a position at the current market price, or they can use a limit order that will initiate when a predetermined price gets met.

    While figuring out the details is the hard part, managing the trade is equally as important. While sticking to a strategy is crucial, if something a significant unexpected event occurs, it's time to determine whether it's time to cut losses. However, even if a trade is going well, it's vital to monitor profits and losses carefully. For those trading on multiple exchanges, using a cryptocurrency portfolio tracker is a useful tool to manage positions.

    Step 6 - Withdraw trading profits

    If a trade goes well, securing profits is a must which means withdrawing crypto from the trading exchange. Unfortunately, hackers frequently target exchanges, making it unsafe to store assets on a trading platform for extended periods. While non-custodial wallets are reasonably safe, nothing beats a hardware wallet.

    Frequently Asked Questions

    The best method to make profits while trading crypto is limiting losses. By sticking to a predetermined strategy, adhering to risk management principles, and controlling emotions, the chance of making a profit through cryptocurrency trading increases substantially.

    People typically start trading cryptocurrency to turn a profit, however, more than 80% will not be profitable. While risks are present, the volatile nature of crypto markets means that experienced traders can generate substantial returns relatively quickly. The average salary for profitable day traders in the US is $107,250 according to statistics.

    While stock and commodity markets are only available within certain hours, the cryptocurrency market never sleeps. Regardless of time zone, crypto trading can be done via any crypto exchange. Some people even time their trades based on the market open in various countries to take advantage of the momentum generated by institutional investors.

    Yes, in most countries traders will need to declare their crypto trading profits (and losses) to their taxation office. The tax rate will depend on personal circumstances. Using cryptocurrency tax software can assist with exporting trade history which can then be provided to a tax professional.

    Conclusion

    Learning how to trade crypto can take time, but our guide will make the process more manageable. We've covered trading strategy, suitable exchanges, the benefits of cryptocurrency, and even common risks. With that said, there's no substitute for experience, so it's advisable to build a strategy using a demo account before getting stuck in with real funds.

    Kevin GrovesKevin GrovesKevin Groves

    Kevin started in the cryptocurrency space in 2016 and began investing in Bitcoin before exclusively trading digital currencies on various brokers, exchanges and trading platforms. He started HedgewithCrypto to publish informative guides about Bitcoin and share his experiences with using a variety of crypto exchanges around the world.

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